Ainu of Japan

Below are resources related to the “Ainu of Japan” chapter of Native Nations: The Survival of Indigenous Peoples, 3rd Edition, edited by Sharlotte Neely and Douglas W. Hume.

Agencies & Organizations
Discussion Questions
      • What are the many criteria that have been used to define who is an Ainu?
      • Why do estimates of the number of Ainu vary?
      • What actions of the government could increase or decrease the official number of Ainu?
Documentary Films
Further Reading
      •  Jeffry Gayman, Jeffry. 2011. “Ainu Right to Education and Ainu Practice of ‘Education.’” Intercultural Education 22 (1): 15-27. https://doi.org/10.1080/14675986.2011.549642
      • Walker, Brett L. 2006. The Conquest of Ainu Lands. University of California Press.

Contemporary Ainu People

Ainu wearing their traditional clothes, Ainu Museum, City of Shiraoi, Hokkaido, Japan
Ainu wearing their traditional clothes, Ainu Museum, City of Shiraoi, Hokkaido, Japan (Torbenbrinker [CC BY-SA])

To recommend additional resources for this site, please contact the editor.